Common Foot Conditions
When you are suffering from Foot pain it can show on your face. You rely on your feet to get you where you want to go. Our feet act as shock absorbers, if they are not functioning properly you may experience pain in the ankles, knees, hips and back.
Caring for your feet is important. Small problems can become big problems. Your Podiatrist can fix these efficiently.
You can be assured – we have a commitment to excellence when it comes to the level of care we provide
Corns and Callus
Corns and calluses are a build of hard, dead skin due to abnormal pressures such as increased weightbearing to an are or ill fitting footwear. Podiatrists see four main types of Corns, Hard, soft, seed and neurovascular. They can be seen on the top of toes,especially hammer toes. also in between toes and underneath the foot.
Causes - Excessive pressure from incorrect foot alignment or poor fitting shoes
Ingrown Toenails commonly occur on the big toes but can affect the smaller toes. The nail penetrates the skin and as a result is open to infection and can become very painful.
Causes - improper cutting, Ill-fitting shoes, Genetics - convoluted nail shape, chubby toes, toes that point up and hit the top of the shoe.
Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin. Fungus live naturally on our skin, if we provide the right environment such as moisture they will reproduce significantly.
It usually causescracking or splitting of the skin between the toes and canbe very itchy.
Some people are more prone to tinea.
Causes - Warm, moist environment or comprimised health.
Cracked Heels occur due to a build up of callusat the heel that can become quite painful due to splitting. They can bleed and become infected.
Causes - sling back or open backed shoes, bare feet, obesity or hormonal imbalances.
A bunion is a bony prominence that occurs at the First aor fifth toe joints.
At the first toe it iscalled HAV ( Halux Abducto Valgus) deformity.
At the fifth toe it is called a Tailors bunion.
Causes - Inability of the first or fifth toe joints to function normally due to abnormal foot biomechanics such as pronation. This rolling in makes these joints unstable. Impaired nerve stimulation of the foot and lower limb.
Burning Feet is most commonly caused by neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy usually causes burning or numbess in the hands and feet. Pain is often described as a tingling or burning sensation
Causes - neuropathy occurs from traumatic injuries, infections and commonly increased toxins from poorly managed diabetes.
The most common cause of Heel Pain
is Plantar Fasciitis ( inflammation of the long band of tissue that connects the heel to the ball of the foot). The bodies natural response to give the tendon extra length is to form a heel spur. The spur itself is generally not painful, it is the forming of it that is.
Causes - Fallen Arches, sudden weight gain, increases in activity level, Change in footwear and tractional force injuries.
The most common symptom is pain after rest.
Plantar Warts are a virus in the skin and cannot be cut out. We rely on the immune system to be healthy to fight them. Commonly acid based medications are used to irritate the wart, making it inflammed in order for the body to fight it.
Causes - commonly spread through public swimming venues or touching an infected site.
Achilles Tendinosis when the tendon at the back of the ankle becomes inflamed or thickened due to overuse or injury.
Causes - a poorly functioning foot can cause deviation at the Achilles Tendon damaging the sheath, sudden increase in training especially on hills or speed work.
Worn down heel cushioning on shoes causes the heel to sink lower and therefore stretches the achilles more in gait.
Growing Pains are not normal.These are a result of the body not functioning correctly and causing abnormal stress on ligaments, bones and muscles that result in pain.
Causes - They mostly occur at growth phases where the bones are growing at a faster rate than the muscles and tendons.
Flat feet or Pronation
Pronation is the rolling in of the foot giving the appearance of a "flat Foot"
Causes - There are many causes. The most common is a hereditary bony or soft tissue condition such as hypermoblity that causes excessive pronation. Abnormal muscle length or tone, abnormal leg rotation,poor pelvic alignment causing leg length differences. Excessive pronation can lead to other symptoms such as Bunions, hammer toes, calluses, Plantar fasciitis, shin splints, patella femoral syndrome, sciatica and headaches
Metatarsalgia is a general term used to describe pain in the ball of the foot. As we age the natural fat pad beneath the ball of the foot decreases and so too its cushioning.
Causes - there are many causes and it is important to diagnose the cause for a correct treamtent plan.
pain may occur from bone deformity, arthritis, excessive pronation or supination, muscle,ligament tears,strain or rupture,tearing the plantar plate ligaments, neuromas, callus or corns or ill fitting shoes.